Mass Rapid Transit

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Mass Rapid Transit
MRT Logo.png
Statistics
Owner Land Transport Authority
Operator(s) SMRT
SBS Transit
Number of lines 5
Number of stations 120
System length 197.4 km

The Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system forming the major component of the railway system. The network has since grown rapidly in accordance with the aim of developing a comprehensive rail network as the backbone of the public transport system.

The network encompasses 197.4km of route with 120 stations in operation. The lines are built by the Land Transport Authority which allocates operating concessions to the profit-based corporations, SMRT Corporation and SBS Transit.

History

Main article: History of the Mass Rapid Transit

The origins of the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) are derived from a forecast by city planners in 1967 which stated the need for a rail-based urban transport system by 1992.[1][2][3] Following a debate on whether a bus-only system would be more cost-effective, then Minister for Communications Ong Teng Cheong, came to the conclusion that an all-bus system would be inadequate, as it would have to compete for road space in a land-scarce country.[4][5]

The network was built in stages, with the North South Line given priority because it passes through the Central Area that has a high demand for public transport. The Mass Rapid Transit Corporation (MRTC), later renamed as SMRT Corporation — was established on 14 October 1983; it took over the roles and responsibilities (which was the construction and operation the MRT system) of the former provisional Mass Rapid Transit Authority.[4][6] The first section of the North South Line started operations on 7 November 1987. The opening of Boon Lay on the East West Line on 6 July 1990 marked the completion of the system two years ahead of schedule.[7][8]

Infrastructure

Line Commencement Latest extension Terminus Stations Length (km) Rolling Stocks Depot Operator Control Center
North South Line 7 November 1987 2014 Jurong East
Marina South Pier
27 45 C151
C651
C751B
C151A
C151B
C151C
Bishan Depot
Ulu Pandan Depot
Changi Depot
Tuas Depot
SMRT Kim Chuan Depot
East West Line 12 December 1987 2017 Pasir Ris
Tuas Link
Changi Airport
35 55.7
North East Line 20 June 2003 N/A HarbourFront
Punggol
16 19.3 C751A
C751C
Sengkang Depot SBS Transit Sengkang Depot
Circle Line 28 May 2009 2012 Dhoby Ghaut
HarbourFront
Marina Bay
30 35.5 C830
C830C
Kim Chuan Depot SMRT Kim Chuan Depot
Downtown Line 22 December 2013 2017 Bukit Panjang
Expo
34 41.9 C951 Kim Chuan Depot
Gali Batu Depot
SBS Transit Gali Batu Depot

Expansion

The following table lists Mass Rapid Transit lines that are currently under construction, or that are in the planning stages:

Line Commencement Between stations Stations Length (km) Depot Operator
Under Construction
North East Line
(North East Line extension)
2023 Punggol Punggol Coast 1 2 N/A SBS Transit
Circle Line
(Stage 6)
2025 HarbourFront Marina Bay 3 4 N/A SMRT
Downtown Line
(Stage 3 extension)
2024 Expo Sungei Bedok 2 2.2 East Coast Integrated Depot SBS Transit
Thomson–East Coast Line 2019 (Stage 1)
2020 (Stage 2)
2021 (Stage 3)
2023 (Stage 4)
2024 (Stage 5)
2025 (Founders' Memorial station)
Woodlands North Sungei Bedok 32 43 Mandai Depot
East Coast Integrated Depot
SMRT
Under Planning
Jurong Region Line 2026 (Stage 1)
2027 (Stage 2)
2028 (Stage 3)
Choa Chu Kang
Bahar Junction
Tengah
Jurong Pier
Peng Kang Hill
Pandan Reservoir
24 24 N/A N/A
Cross Island Line 2029 (Stage 1) Aviation Park Bright Hill 12 29 N/A N/A
N/A N/A N/A 21

References

  1. "Southeast Asian Affairs.", Page 293. Seah C. M. (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1981).
  2. Sharp 2005, page 66
  3. "Sustainable Urban Transportation Planning and Development — Issues and Challenges for Singapore". Fwa Tien Fang (Department of Civil Engineering, NUS, 4 September 2004)
  4. 4.0 4.1 "1982 – The Year Work Began". Land Transport Authority. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  5. "In Memoriam — Ong Teng Cheong: A Profile". Lee Siew Hoon, Chandra Mohan (23 February 2002, Channel NewsAsia). Retrieved 26 November 2007.
  6. "Annual report 1984". Singapore: Mass Rapid Transit Corporation. Page 5.
  7. Mass Rapid Transit Corporation, Singapore 1988, page 10.
  8. Sharp 2005, p. 109.

Corporate and governmental sources

  • Sharp, Ilsa (2005). The Journey — Singapore's Land Transport Story. SNP:Editions. ISBN 981-248-101-X.
  • Mass Rapid Transit Corporation, Singapore (1988). The MRT Story. ISBN 981-00-0251-3.
Railway Lines in Singapore [ VTE ]
Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) North South LineEast West LineNorth East LineCircle LineDowntown LineThomson–East Coast LineJurong Region LineCross Island Line
Light Rail Transit (LRT) Bukit Panjang LRTSengkang LRTPunggol LRT
Others Changi Airport SkytrainSentosa Express
Defunct Sentosa Monorail (SDC)
Mass Rapid Transit [ VTE ]
Overview HistoryStationsFare and TicketingFacilitiesSafetySecurity
Lines Current North South LineEast West LineNorth East LineCircle LineDowntown Line
Future Thomson–East Coast LineJurong Region LineCross Island Line
Rolling Stocks Current C151C151AC151BC151CC651C751AC751BC751CC830C830CC951
Future C851E • CJ151 • CR151 • CT251
Depots Current BishanChangiGali BatuKim ChuanSengkangUlu PandanTuas
Future MandaiEast Coast