Difference between revisions of "Changi"

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'''Changi''' is an area at the eastern end of [[Singapore]]. It is now the site of [[Singapore Changi Airport]]/[[Changi Air Base]], [[Changi Naval Base]] and is also home to [[Changi Prison]], site of the former Japanese [[Prisoner of war|Prisoner of War Camp]] during [[World War II]] which held [[Allies|Allied]] prisoners captured in Singapore and [[Malaysia]] after Singapore's fall in February 1942.   
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'''Changi''' is an area at the eastern end of Singapore. It is now the site of [[Singapore Changi Airport]]/[[Changi Air Base]], [[Changi Naval Base]] and [[Changi Prison]], the country's principal jail, which is also the site of the former Japanese [[Prisoner of war|Prisoner of War Camp]] during [[World War II]] which held [[Allies|Allied]] prisoners captured in Singapore and [[Malaysia]] after Singapore's fall in February 1942.   
  
Being close to the [[sea]], Changi also has 2 commercial [[ferry]] terminals, [[Changi Point Ferry Terminal]] at Changi Creek and [[Changi Ferry Terminal]] near to Changi Naval Base.
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Being close to the sea, Changi also has 2 commercial ferry terminals, [[Changi Point Ferry Terminal]] at Changi Creek and [[Changi Ferry Terminal]] near to Changi Naval Base.
  
[[James Clavell]] based his novel ''[[King Rat (1962 novel)|King Rat]]'' on his experiences as a World War 2 Allied prisoner of war at Changi Prison.
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James Clavell based his novel ''[[King Rat (1962 novel)|King Rat]]'' on his experiences as a World War 2 Allied prisoner of war at Changi Prison.
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
  
The early [[Malay language|Malay]] place name of '''''Changi''''' was ''Tanjong Rusa'', which is found in the 1604 E.G. de Eredia map of Singapore.
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The early [[Malay]] place name of '''''Changi''''' was ''Tanjong Rusa'', which is found in the 1604 E.G. de Eredia map of Singapore.
  
The native place name Changi is found very early in Singapore's history. In the 1828 map by Franklin and [[Philip Jackson (surveyor)|Jackson]], the extreme southeastern tip of the island is referred to as ''Tanjong Changi''. The local name Changi must have been a significant point for the [[Malays in Singapore|Malays]], especially in the days of the sixteenth century [[Johor]] kingdom located on the Johor River. Vessels using the [[Straits of Johor|Johor Straits]] would have to pass by Changi.
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The native place name Changi is found very early in Singapore's history. In the 1828 map by Franklin and Jackson, the extreme southeastern tip of the island is referred to as ''Tanjong Changi''. The local name Changi must have been a significant point for the [[Malays in Singapore|Malays]], especially in the days of the sixteenth century [[Johor]] kingdom located on the Johor River. Vessels using the [[Straits of Johor|Johor Straits]] would have to pass by Changi.
  
There are many versions for the etymological roots of the name Changi. One source says that it comes from a climbing [[shrub]], the ''changi ular'' (''[[Aristolochiaceae|Apama corymbosa]]''), which grew in the area. Another claims that it gets its name from a tall [[tree]], the ''chengai'' (''Balanscarpus heimii''), which abounded in the area in the early nineteenth century. Changi could also be a variation of the local [[timber]] named ''chengai''. This heavy local timber is commonly used for buildings and [[furniture]], and is valued for its strength and renowned for its deep rich colour.
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There are many versions for the etymological roots of the name Changi. One source says that it comes from a climbing shrub, the ''changi ular'' (''[[Aristolochiaceae|Apama corymbosa]]''), which grew in the area. Another claims that it gets its name from a tall [[tree]], the ''chengai'' (''Balanscarpus heimii''), which abounded in the area in the early nineteenth century. Changi could also be a variation of the local timber named ''chengai''. This heavy local timber is commonly used for buildings and furniture, and is valued for its strength and renowned for its deep rich colour.
  
 
During the early surveys in the 1820s to 1830s of Singapore island, Changi was also named ''Franklin Point'' after Captain Franklin who was involved as one of the early [[Surveyor (surveying)|surveyor]]s of Singapore island. It would seem that the [[History of Singapore#Singapore as a Crown colony (1867 – 1941)|colonial]] authorities had decided to latch on their own place name to the existing Malay name for Changi.
 
During the early surveys in the 1820s to 1830s of Singapore island, Changi was also named ''Franklin Point'' after Captain Franklin who was involved as one of the early [[Surveyor (surveying)|surveyor]]s of Singapore island. It would seem that the [[History of Singapore#Singapore as a Crown colony (1867 – 1941)|colonial]] authorities had decided to latch on their own place name to the existing Malay name for Changi.
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==Economy==
 
==Economy==
[[Singapore Airlines]] is headquartered at Airline House, by Changi Airport in Changi.<ref>"[http://www.singaporeair.com/saa/en_UK/content/company_info/careers/AirlineGroundPositionFAQ.jsp Airline Ground Positions]." Singapore Airlines. Retrieved on 11 July 2009.</ref>
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[[Singapore Airlines]] is headquartered at Airline House, by Changi Airport in Changi.<ref>"[http://www.singaporeair.com/saa/en_UK/content/company_info/careers/AirlineGroundPositionFAQ.jsp Airline Ground Positions]." Singapore Airlines.</ref>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
{{Portal|Singapore}}
 
{{commons|Changi}}
 
*[[Changi Boardwalk]]
 
 
*[[Changi Village]]
 
*[[Changi Village]]
 
*[[Singapore University of Technology and Design]]
 
*[[Singapore University of Technology and Design]]
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===Bibliography===
 
===Bibliography===
{{refbegin}}
 
 
*Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), ''Toponymics - A Study of Singapore Street Names'', Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1
 
*Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), ''Toponymics - A Study of Singapore Street Names'', Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1
*{{citation|last=Cornelius-Takahama|first=Vernon|title=Changi|url=http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_245_2004-12-15.html|publisher=Singapore Infopedia, [http://www.nlb.gov.sg National Library Board, Singapore]|date=16 March 1999|accessdate=2009-07-23}}
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*Vernon Cornelius-Takahama, [http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_245_2004-12-15.html Changi], Singapore Infopedia,National Library Board 16 March 1999
{{refend}}
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{{Places in Singapore}}
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==References==
 +
<references />
  
 
[[Category:Places in Singapore]]
 
[[Category:Places in Singapore]]
[[Category:East Region, Singapore]]
 
[[Category:Changi]]
 

Revision as of 13:08, 21 May 2012

Changi is an area at the eastern end of Singapore. It is now the site of Singapore Changi Airport/Changi Air Base, Changi Naval Base and Changi Prison, the country's principal jail, which is also the site of the former Japanese Prisoner of War Camp during World War II which held Allied prisoners captured in Singapore and Malaysia after Singapore's fall in February 1942.

Being close to the sea, Changi also has 2 commercial ferry terminals, Changi Point Ferry Terminal at Changi Creek and Changi Ferry Terminal near to Changi Naval Base.

James Clavell based his novel King Rat on his experiences as a World War 2 Allied prisoner of war at Changi Prison.

Etymology

The early Malay place name of Changi was Tanjong Rusa, which is found in the 1604 E.G. de Eredia map of Singapore.

The native place name Changi is found very early in Singapore's history. In the 1828 map by Franklin and Jackson, the extreme southeastern tip of the island is referred to as Tanjong Changi. The local name Changi must have been a significant point for the Malays, especially in the days of the sixteenth century Johor kingdom located on the Johor River. Vessels using the Johor Straits would have to pass by Changi.

There are many versions for the etymological roots of the name Changi. One source says that it comes from a climbing shrub, the changi ular (Apama corymbosa), which grew in the area. Another claims that it gets its name from a tall tree, the chengai (Balanscarpus heimii), which abounded in the area in the early nineteenth century. Changi could also be a variation of the local timber named chengai. This heavy local timber is commonly used for buildings and furniture, and is valued for its strength and renowned for its deep rich colour.

During the early surveys in the 1820s to 1830s of Singapore island, Changi was also named Franklin Point after Captain Franklin who was involved as one of the early surveyors of Singapore island. It would seem that the colonial authorities had decided to latch on their own place name to the existing Malay name for Changi.

Around the 1900s, Changi was the favourite haunt for tigers. The female tigers were said to swim from Johore to Pulau Ubin to rest, before completing their journey to Singapore. The tigers would land at Ferry Point and give birth in this neighbourhood, and so the tigers on the island were generally young.

Economy

Singapore Airlines is headquartered at Airline House, by Changi Airport in Changi.[1]

See also

Bibliography

  • Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), Toponymics - A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1
  • Vernon Cornelius-Takahama, Changi, Singapore Infopedia,National Library Board 16 March 1999


References

  1. "Airline Ground Positions." Singapore Airlines.