Difference between revisions of "Changi"

From SgWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (New page: ==Changi== : a location on the eastern side of the island. : where we once go to the beaches & swim : now there is the famous airport known as "Changi Airport")
 
(reorganise since Terry How no more here)
Line 1: Line 1:
==Changi==
+
{{About|the area in Singapore|others}}
: a [[location]] on the eastern side of the island.
+
 
: where we once go to the beaches & swim
+
{{SG neighbourhood
: now there is the famous airport known as "[[Changi]] Airport"
+
|imagemap=Changi Planning Area locator map.png
 +
|englishname=Changi
 +
|chinesename=樟宜
 +
|pinyin=Zhāngyí
 +
|malayname=Changi
 +
|tamilname=சாங்கி
 +
|coordinates={{Coord|1|23|28|N|103|59|11|E|region:SG_type:city|display=inline,title}}
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
[[File:Changi beach.jpg|thumb|left|Sunset at Changi Beach]]
 +
'''Changi''' is an area at the eastern end of [[Singapore]]. It is now the site of [[Singapore Changi Airport]]/[[Changi Air Base]], [[Changi Naval Base]] and is also home to [[Changi Prison]], site of the former Japanese [[Prisoner of war|Prisoner of War Camp]] during [[World War II]] which held [[Allies|Allied]] prisoners captured in Singapore and [[Malaysia]] after Singapore's fall in February 1942. 
 +
 
 +
Being close to the [[sea]], Changi also has 2 commercial [[ferry]] terminals, [[Changi Point Ferry Terminal]] at Changi Creek and [[Changi Ferry Terminal]] near to Changi Naval Base.
 +
 
 +
[[James Clavell]] based his novel ''[[King Rat (1962 novel)|King Rat]]'' on his experiences as a World War 2 Allied prisoner of war at Changi Prison.
 +
 
 +
==Etymology==
 +
[[File:Singapore Changi Airport, Control Tower 2, Dec 05.JPG|thumb|Singapore Changi Airport]]
 +
[[File:Changi airport.JPG|thumb|Changi Airport (inside view)]]
 +
 
 +
{{Unreferenced section|date=September 2009}}
 +
The early [[Malay language|Malay]] place name of '''''Changi''''' was ''Tanjong Rusa'', which is found in the 1604 E.G. de Eredia map of Singapore.
 +
 
 +
The native place name Changi is found very early in Singapore's history. In the 1828 map by Franklin and [[Philip Jackson (surveyor)|Jackson]], the extreme southeastern tip of the island is referred to as ''Tanjong Changi''. The local name Changi must have been a significant point for the [[Malays in Singapore|Malays]], especially in the days of the sixteenth century [[Johor]] kingdom located on the Johor River. Vessels using the [[Straits of Johor|Johor Straits]] would have to pass by Changi.
 +
 
 +
There are many versions for the etymological roots of the name Changi. One source says that it comes from a climbing [[shrub]], the ''changi ular'' (''[[Aristolochiaceae|Apama corymbosa]]''), which grew in the area. Another claims that it gets its name from a tall [[tree]], the ''chengai'' (''Balanscarpus heimii''), which abounded in the area in the early nineteenth century. Changi could also be a variation of the local [[timber]] named ''chengai''. This heavy local timber is commonly used for buildings and [[furniture]], and is valued for its strength and renowned for its deep rich colour.
 +
 
 +
During the early surveys in the 1820s to 1830s of Singapore island, Changi was also named ''Franklin Point'' after Captain Franklin who was involved as one of the early [[Surveyor (surveying)|surveyor]]s of Singapore island. It would seem that the [[History of Singapore#Singapore as a Crown colony (1867 – 1941)|colonial]] authorities had decided to latch on their own place name to the existing Malay name for Changi.
 +
 
 +
Around the 1900s, Changi was the favourite haunt for [[tigers]]. The female tigers were said to swim from Johore to [[Pulau Ubin]] to rest, before completing their journey to Singapore. The tigers would land at Ferry Point and give birth in this neighbourhood, and so the tigers on the island were generally young.
 +
 
 +
[[File:Changi Point, Montage, Aug 06.jpg|thumb|center|550px|A montage of Changi Point, showing images of [[Sungei Changi]] (Changi River), [[Changi Beach Park]], [[Changi Golf Club]], [[Changi Boardwalk|Changi Point Coastal Walk]], [[Changi Point Ferry Terminal]], and [[Changi Village Hotel]].]]
 +
 
 +
==Economy==
 +
[[File:SIA Boeing 747-400, Star Alliance livery, SIN.jpg|thumb|Airline House, the corporate head office of [[Singapore Airlines]], is in the background]]
 +
[[Singapore Airlines]] is headquartered at Airline House, by Changi Airport in Changi.<ref>"[http://www.singaporeair.com/saa/en_UK/content/company_info/careers/AirlineGroundPositionFAQ.jsp Airline Ground Positions]." Singapore Airlines. Retrieved on 11 July 2009.</ref>
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
{{Portal|Singapore}}
 +
{{commons|Changi}}
 +
*[[Changi Boardwalk]]
 +
*[[Changi Village]]
 +
*[[Singapore University of Technology and Design]]
 +
 
 +
==References==
 +
{{No footnotes|article|date=July 2009}}
 +
===Notes===
 +
{{reflist}}
 +
===Bibliography===
 +
{{refbegin}}
 +
*Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), ''Toponymics - A Study of Singapore Street Names'', Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1
 +
*{{citation|last=Cornelius-Takahama|first=Vernon|title=Changi|url=http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_245_2004-12-15.html|publisher=Singapore Infopedia, [http://www.nlb.gov.sg National Library Board, Singapore]|date=16 March 1999|accessdate=2009-07-23}}
 +
{{refend}}
 +
 
 +
{{Places in Singapore}}
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Places in Singapore]]
 +
[[Category:East Region, Singapore]]
 +
[[Category:Changi]]
 +
 
 +
[[bg:Чанги]]
 +
[[id:Changi]]
 +
[[mr:चांगी]]
 +
[[ms:Changi]]
 +
[[nl:Changi]]
 +
[[ja:チャンギ (シンガポール)]]
 +
[[no:Changi]]
 +
[[pl:Changi]]
 +
[[simple:Changi]]
 +
[[fi:Changi]]
 +
[[sv:Changi]]
 +
[[wuu:樟宜]]
 +
[[zh:樟宜]]

Revision as of 17:32, 20 November 2011

Template:About

Template:SG neighbourhood

File:Changi beach.jpg
Sunset at Changi Beach

Changi is an area at the eastern end of Singapore. It is now the site of Singapore Changi Airport/Changi Air Base, Changi Naval Base and is also home to Changi Prison, site of the former Japanese Prisoner of War Camp during World War II which held Allied prisoners captured in Singapore and Malaysia after Singapore's fall in February 1942.

Being close to the sea, Changi also has 2 commercial ferry terminals, Changi Point Ferry Terminal at Changi Creek and Changi Ferry Terminal near to Changi Naval Base.

James Clavell based his novel King Rat on his experiences as a World War 2 Allied prisoner of war at Changi Prison.

Etymology

File:Changi airport.JPG
Changi Airport (inside view)

Template:Unreferenced section The early Malay place name of Changi was Tanjong Rusa, which is found in the 1604 E.G. de Eredia map of Singapore.

The native place name Changi is found very early in Singapore's history. In the 1828 map by Franklin and Jackson, the extreme southeastern tip of the island is referred to as Tanjong Changi. The local name Changi must have been a significant point for the Malays, especially in the days of the sixteenth century Johor kingdom located on the Johor River. Vessels using the Johor Straits would have to pass by Changi.

There are many versions for the etymological roots of the name Changi. One source says that it comes from a climbing shrub, the changi ular (Apama corymbosa), which grew in the area. Another claims that it gets its name from a tall tree, the chengai (Balanscarpus heimii), which abounded in the area in the early nineteenth century. Changi could also be a variation of the local timber named chengai. This heavy local timber is commonly used for buildings and furniture, and is valued for its strength and renowned for its deep rich colour.

During the early surveys in the 1820s to 1830s of Singapore island, Changi was also named Franklin Point after Captain Franklin who was involved as one of the early surveyors of Singapore island. It would seem that the colonial authorities had decided to latch on their own place name to the existing Malay name for Changi.

Around the 1900s, Changi was the favourite haunt for tigers. The female tigers were said to swim from Johore to Pulau Ubin to rest, before completing their journey to Singapore. The tigers would land at Ferry Point and give birth in this neighbourhood, and so the tigers on the island were generally young.

Economy

File:SIA Boeing 747-400, Star Alliance livery, SIN.jpg
Airline House, the corporate head office of Singapore Airlines, is in the background

Singapore Airlines is headquartered at Airline House, by Changi Airport in Changi.[1]

See also

Template:Portal Template:Commons

References

Template:No footnotes

Notes

Template:Reflist

Bibliography

Template:Refbegin

  • Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), Toponymics - A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1
  • Template:Citation

Template:Refend

Template:Places in Singaporebg:Чанги id:Changi mr:चांगी ms:Changi nl:Changi ja:チャンギ (シンガポール) no:Changi pl:Changi simple:Changi fi:Changi sv:Changi wuu:樟宜

zh:樟宜
  1. "Airline Ground Positions." Singapore Airlines. Retrieved on 11 July 2009.