Singapore Malay National Organisation
The Singapore Malay National Organisation (PKMS), short for Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura in Malay; Chinese: 新加坡马来民族机构) was a political party in Singapore.
With the advent of British’s representative, Mac Michael to Malaya in enforcing their Majesties, the Sultans to surrender Malaya and her possessions to the British Crown with the proposed Malayan Union.
As a consequence, the Malays protested against of forty (40) Malay Organizations throughout Malaya assembled at the Sultan Sulaiman Club in Kuala Lumpur to congregate a Malay Congress and to initiate the course for uniting the Malays and their objectives. Singapore was represented by Kesatuan Melayu Singapura [KMS]. Thereafter, they congregated at Johor Bahru and it was there, UMNO (United Malays National Organization) was established and the slogan “Long Live, the Malays” was chanted and which was echoed by the Malays throughout the entire Malaya.
UMNO Singapore was registered on 20th February 1961. Prior to its registration it spread over and became the Singapore division of UMNO in the year 1954.
On the 31st August 1957, Malaya achieved her Independence from the British and the Alliance Party which consisted of UMNO – MCA – MIC became the Government of Malaya.
From the year 1955 to the year 1957, the Alliance Party as mentioned, tasted its fruits of success in Singapore during the elections of the electoral Constituencies of the Southern islands, Ulu Bedok, Tanglin, Telok Blangah, Geylang Serai and Kampong Kembangan.
Singapore became self-governing in the year 1959.
On the 16th September 1963, Singapore achieved her independence from Great Britain through merger with Malaya and became part of what was known as Malaysia.
UMNO Singapore assumed a high political profile in the Malay Community when it agitated for the socio – economic progress of the Malays in the early 1960s when Singapore was a part of Malaysia.
On 9th August 1965, Singapore was separated from Malaysia.
After separation, UMNO Singapore had to adjust to the changed political circumstances of an Independent, multi-racial Singapore and had to sever its connections with UMNO Malaysia.
On 5th May 1967, UMNO Singapore assumed a new name – Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura (PKMS) or Singapore Malays National Organization.
With the separation of Singapore from Malaysia, PKMS had to make diplomatic compromises to remain prevalent on its own and as a political party. The odd is strongly against the party as the perception of being viewed as a race base party was a tag that stuck till this very day. PKMS has a tough balancing act to follow as it not only could not forsake its roots and its initial reasons of formation but also to remain relevant and not in odd in a multiracial nature of politics in Singapore. Bearing in mind the Malays in Singapore just make up of 13.4% as of 2010 [Source via Singapore Department of Statistics] No matter this has not dampen nor waiver PKMS in the continual struggle to instill the foundations and objectives which are as follows:
1. To safeguard and work for the full implementation of the special rights of the Malays in Singapore as enunciated in the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore.
2. To foster and to promote goodwill and harmony among the citizens of various races in Singapore and to promote the growth of a strong and united nation.
3. To take such steps as may be necessary for the welfare and advancement of its members and the citizens of Singapore generally.
4. To take whatever steps as may be necessary for the advancement of the Malay language and culture in accordance with Islam.
5. To safeguard and to promote the advancement of Islam without interfering in the affairs of other religions.
6. To uphold and safeguard the principles of parliamentary and democratic form of government.
7. To work against any form of colonialism.
The party recently concluded their 21st BGM on 5th February 2012. The elected President is Mr Abu Mohamed, Deputy President Mr Ismail Yacoob, Vice President I Mr Raja Muhammad Khalid, Vice President II Mr Abdul Mutalib Bin Ithnin while the party's Secretary General is Mr M. Abdul Jamal Bin Abdul Rashid.
Source : www.pkms.org'