Difference between revisions of "Changi"

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'''Changi''' is an area at the eastern end of [[Singapore]]. It is now the site of [[Singapore Changi Airport]]/[[Changi Air Base]], [[Changi Naval Base]] and is also home to [[Changi Prison]], site of the former Japanese [[Prisoner of war|Prisoner of War Camp]] during [[World War II]] which held [[Allies|Allied]] prisoners captured in Singapore and [[Malaysia]] after Singapore's fall in February 1942.
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'''Changi''' is a planning area located in the East Region of Singapore. Measuring at approximately 40.6 km<sup>2</sup>, Changi ranks the 3rd, 34th & 38th in terms of size, population & density respectively. A large portion of this planning area is taken up by [[Changi Airport]], Changi Air Base, Changi Naval Base and is also home to [[Changi Prison]], site of the former Japanese prisoner of war camp during World War II which held Allied prisoners captured in Singapore and Malaysia after [[Japanese Occupation of Singapore|Singapore's fall in February 1942]]. Officially, Changi Planning Area has no subzones but Changi Village and Changi Airport are significantly large in size to be considered as one. Changi is bordered by [[North-Eastern Islands]] to the north and northeast across the Straits of Johore, [[Pasir Ris]] to the northwest, [[Tampines]] to the southwest and [[Changi Bay]] to the southeast.
  
Being close to the [[sea]], Changi also has 2 commercial [[ferry]] terminals, [[Changi Point Ferry Terminal]] at Changi Creek and [[Changi Ferry Terminal]] near to Changi Naval Base.
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Being close to the sea, Changi also has 2 commercial ferry terminals, Changi Point Ferry Terminal at Changi Creek and Changi Ferry Terminal near to Changi Naval Base.
  
[[James Clavell]] based his novel ''[[King Rat (1962 novel)|King Rat]]'' on his experiences as a World War 2 Allied prisoner of war at Changi Prison.
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==Notable Structures==
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===Education===
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*BNP Paribus Campus
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*One World International School
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*Singapore Aviation Academy
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*Singapore University of Technology and Design
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*The Japanese School Singapore
  
==Etymology==
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===Transportation===
[[File:Singapore Changi Airport, Control Tower 2, Dec 05.JPG|thumb|Singapore Changi Airport]]
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*''[[Aviation Park MRT Station]] (Opening in 2029)''
[[File:Changi airport.JPG|thumb|Changi Airport (inside view)]]
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*[[Changi Airport MRT Station]]
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*[[Changi#Changi Airport PTB2 Basement|Changi Airport Passenger Terminal Building 2 Terminal]]
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*[[Changi#Changi Village|Changi Village Terminal]]
  
{{Unreferenced section|date=September 2009}}
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===Government-related===
The early [[Malay language|Malay]] place name of '''''Changi''''' was ''Tanjong Rusa'', which is found in the 1604 E.G. de Eredia map of Singapore.
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*[[Changi Airport]]
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*Changi Air Base
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*''[[Changi East Depot]] (Future)''
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*Changi Naval Base
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*[[Changi Prison]]
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*People's Association Water Venture (Changi)
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*SAF Yacht Club (Changi)
  
The native place name Changi is found very early in Singapore's history. In the 1828 map by Franklin and [[Philip Jackson (surveyor)|Jackson]], the extreme southeastern tip of the island is referred to as ''Tanjong Changi''. The local name Changi must have been a significant point for the [[Malays in Singapore|Malays]], especially in the days of the sixteenth century [[Johor]] kingdom located on the Johor River. Vessels using the [[Straits of Johor|Johor Straits]] would have to pass by Changi.
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===Memorials / Museums===
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*Changi Beach Massacre Monument
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*Changi Museum and Chapel
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*Changi Prison Entrance Gates
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*Johore Battery
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*Navy Museum
  
There are many versions for the etymological roots of the name Changi. One source says that it comes from a climbing [[shrub]], the ''changi ular'' (''[[Aristolochiaceae|Apama corymbosa]]''), which grew in the area. Another claims that it gets its name from a tall [[tree]], the ''chengai'' (''Balanscarpus heimii''), which abounded in the area in the early nineteenth century. Changi could also be a variation of the local [[timber]] named ''chengai''. This heavy local timber is commonly used for buildings and [[furniture]], and is valued for its strength and renowned for its deep rich colour.
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===Parks===
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*Changi Beach Park
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*Changi Boardwalk
  
During the early surveys in the 1820s to 1830s of Singapore island, Changi was also named ''Franklin Point'' after Captain Franklin who was involved as one of the early [[Surveyor (surveying)|surveyor]]s of Singapore island. It would seem that the [[History of Singapore#Singapore as a Crown colony (1867 – 1941)|colonial]] authorities had decided to latch on their own place name to the existing Malay name for Changi.
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==Bus Terminals==
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===Changi Airport PTB2 Basement===
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{|class="wikitable"  style="text-align:center;"
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|-
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!Service
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!Destination
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!Notes
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|-
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!class=SBST|24
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|Ang Mo Kio
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|rowspan="3"|Looping point
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|-
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!class=SBST|27
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|Hougang Central
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|-
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!class=GAS|34
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|Punggol
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|-
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!class=GAS|36
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|↺ Tomlinson Road
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|{{N/A}}
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|-
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!class=SBST|53
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|Bishan
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|rowspan="3"|Looping point
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|-
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!class=SMRT|110
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|Compassvale
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|-
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!class=SMRT|858
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|Woodlands
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|}
  
Around the 1900s, Changi was the favourite haunt for [[tigers]]. The female tigers were said to swim from Johore to [[Pulau Ubin]] to rest, before completing their journey to Singapore. The tigers would land at Ferry Point and give birth in this neighbourhood, and so the tigers on the island were generally young.
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===Changi Village===
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{|class="wikitable"  style="text-align:center;"
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|-
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!Service
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!Destination
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!Notes
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|-
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!class=GAS|2
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|Kampong Bahru
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|{{N/A}}
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|-
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!class=SBST|29
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|Tampines
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|Looping point
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|-
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!class=SBST|59
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|Bishan
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|rowspan="2" {{N/A}}
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|-
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!class=SBST|109
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|Serangoon
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|}
  
[[File:Changi Point, Montage, Aug 06.jpg|thumb|center|550px|A montage of Changi Point, showing images of [[Sungei Changi]] (Changi River), [[Changi Beach Park]], [[Changi Golf Club]], [[Changi Boardwalk|Changi Point Coastal Walk]], [[Changi Point Ferry Terminal]], and [[Changi Village Hotel]].]]
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==Politics==
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{| class="toccolours"; "wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="3" style="border-collapse:collapse; text-align:center"
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|-style="color:white;background-color:#0052A1"
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!Incumbent
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!Role
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|-
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! style="color:white;background-color:#0052A1" colspan="2"|North East CDC
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|-
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!Maliki Osman
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|Mayor of South East CDC
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|-
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! style="color:white;background-color:#0052A1"  colspan="2"|East Coast GRC
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|-
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!Lee Yi Shyan
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|Member of Parliament for Kampong Chai Chee
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|-
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!Lim Swee Say
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|Member of Parliament for Bedok
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|-
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!Maliki Osman
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|Member of Parliament for Siglap
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|}
  
==Economy==
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==Links==
[[File:SIA Boeing 747-400, Star Alliance livery, SIN.jpg|thumb|Airline House, the corporate head office of [[Singapore Airlines]], is in the background]]
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{{Planning Area}}
[[Singapore Airlines]] is headquartered at Airline House, by Changi Airport in Changi.<ref>"[http://www.singaporeair.com/saa/en_UK/content/company_info/careers/AirlineGroundPositionFAQ.jsp Airline Ground Positions]." Singapore Airlines. Retrieved on 11 July 2009.</ref>
 
  
==See also==
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*[http://www.ectc.org.sg East Coast-Fengshan Town Council]
{{Portal|Singapore}}
 
{{commons|Changi}}
 
*[[Changi Boardwalk]]
 
*[[Changi Village]]
 
*[[Singapore University of Technology and Design]]
 
===Bibliography===
 
{{refbegin}}
 
*Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), ''Toponymics - A Study of Singapore Street Names'', Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1
 
*{{citation|last=Cornelius-Takahama|first=Vernon|title=Changi|url=http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_245_2004-12-15.html|publisher=Singapore Infopedia, [http://www.nlb.gov.sg National Library Board, Singapore]|date=16 March 1999|accessdate=2009-07-23}}
 
{{refend}}
 
 
 
{{Places in Singapore}}
 
 
 
[[Category:Places in Singapore]]
 
[[Category:East Region, Singapore]]
 
[[Category:Changi]]
 

Revision as of 17:12, 16 February 2019

Changi is a planning area located in the East Region of Singapore. Measuring at approximately 40.6 km2, Changi ranks the 3rd, 34th & 38th in terms of size, population & density respectively. A large portion of this planning area is taken up by Changi Airport, Changi Air Base, Changi Naval Base and is also home to Changi Prison, site of the former Japanese prisoner of war camp during World War II which held Allied prisoners captured in Singapore and Malaysia after Singapore's fall in February 1942. Officially, Changi Planning Area has no subzones but Changi Village and Changi Airport are significantly large in size to be considered as one. Changi is bordered by North-Eastern Islands to the north and northeast across the Straits of Johore, Pasir Ris to the northwest, Tampines to the southwest and Changi Bay to the southeast.

Being close to the sea, Changi also has 2 commercial ferry terminals, Changi Point Ferry Terminal at Changi Creek and Changi Ferry Terminal near to Changi Naval Base.

Notable Structures

Education

  • BNP Paribus Campus
  • One World International School
  • Singapore Aviation Academy
  • Singapore University of Technology and Design
  • The Japanese School Singapore

Transportation

Government-related

Memorials / Museums

  • Changi Beach Massacre Monument
  • Changi Museum and Chapel
  • Changi Prison Entrance Gates
  • Johore Battery
  • Navy Museum

Parks

  • Changi Beach Park
  • Changi Boardwalk

Bus Terminals

Changi Airport PTB2 Basement

Service Destination Notes
24 Ang Mo Kio Looping point
27 Hougang Central
34 Punggol
36 ↺ Tomlinson Road N/A
53 Bishan Looping point
110 Compassvale
858 Woodlands

Changi Village

Service Destination Notes
2 Kampong Bahru N/A
29 Tampines Looping point
59 Bishan N/A
109 Serangoon

Politics

Incumbent Role
North East CDC
Maliki Osman Mayor of South East CDC
East Coast GRC
Lee Yi Shyan Member of Parliament for Kampong Chai Chee
Lim Swee Say Member of Parliament for Bedok
Maliki Osman Member of Parliament for Siglap

Links

Planning Areas ViewTalkEdit
Central BishanBukit MerahBukit TimahDowntown Core1GeylangKallangMarina East1Marina South1Marine ParadeMuseum1Newton1NovenaOrchard1Outram1QueenstownRiver Valley1Rochor1Singapore River1Southern IslandsStraits View1TanglinToa Payoh
East BedokChangiChangi BayPasir RisPaya LebarTampines
North Central Water CatchmentLim Chu KangMandaiSembawangSimpangSungei KadutWoodlandsYishun
North-East Ang Mo KioHougangNorth-Eastern IslandsPunggolSeletarSengkangSerangoon
West Boon LayBukit BatokBukit PanjangChoa Chu KangClementiJurong EastJurong WestPioneerTengahTuasWestern IslandsWestern Water Catchment
1: Located within the Central Area