Mass Rapid Transit
|Mass Rapid Transit|
|Owner||Land Transport Authority|
|Number of lines||5|
|Number of stations||119|
|System length||197.4 km|
The Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system forming the major component of the railway system. The network has since grown rapidly in accordance with the aim of developing a comprehensive rail network as the backbone of the public transport system.
The network encompasses 197.4km of route with 119 stations in operation. The lines are built by the Land Transport Authority which allocates operating concessions to the profit-based corporations, SMRT Corporation and SBS Transit.
- Main article: History of the Mass Rapid Transit
The origins of the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) are derived from a forecast by city planners in 1967 which stated the need for a rail-based urban transport system by 1992. Following a debate on whether a bus-only system would be more cost-effective, then Minister for Communications Ong Teng Cheong, came to the conclusion that an all-bus system would be inadequate, as it would have to compete for road space in a land-scarce country.
The network was built in stages, with the North South Line given priority because it passes through the Central Area that has a high demand for public transport. The Mass Rapid Transit Corporation (MRTC), later renamed as SMRT Corporation — was established on 14 October 1983; it took over the roles and responsibilities (which was the construction and operation the MRT system) of the former provisional Mass Rapid Transit Authority. The first section of the North South Line started operations on 7 November 1987. The opening of Boon Lay on the East West Line on 6 July 1990 marked the completion of the system two years ahead of schedule.
|Line||Commencement||Latest extension||Terminus||Stations||Length (km)||Rolling Stocks||Depot||Operator||Control Center|
|North South Line||7 November 1987||2014||Jurong East
Marina South Pier
Ulu Pandan Depot
|Kim Chuan Depot|
|East West Line||12 December 1987||2017||Pasir Ris
|North East Line||20 June 2003||N/A||HarbourFront
|Sengkang Depot||Sengkang Depot|
|Circle Line||28 May 2009||2012||Dhoby Ghaut
|Kim Chuan Depot||Kim Chuan Depot|
|Downtown Line||22 December 2013||2017||Bukit Panjang
|34||41.9||C951||Kim Chuan Depot
Gali Batu Depot
|Gali Batu Depot|
The following table lists Mass Rapid Transit lines that are currently under construction, or that are in the planning stages:
|Line||Commencement||Between stations||Stations||Length (km)||Depot||Operator|
|North East Line
(North East Line extension)
(Stage 3 extension)
|2024||Expo||Sungei Bedok||2||2.2||East Coast Integrated Depot|
|Thomson–East Coast Line||2019 (Stage 1)
2020 (Stage 2)
2021 (Stage 3)
2023 (Stage 4)
2024 (Stage 5)
2025 (Founders' Memorial station)
|Woodlands North||Sungei Bedok||32||43||Mandai Depot
East Coast Integrated Depot
|Jurong Region Line||2026 (Stage 1)
2027 (Stage 2)
2028 (Stage 3)
|Choa Chu Kang
Peng Kang Hill
|Cross Island Line||2029 (Stage 1)||Aviation Park||Bright Hill||12||29||N/A||N/A|
- "Southeast Asian Affairs.", Page 293. Seah C. M. (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1981).
- Sharp 2005, page 66
- "Sustainable Urban Transportation Planning and Development — Issues and Challenges for Singapore". Fwa Tien Fang (Department of Civil Engineering, NUS, 4 September 2004)
- "1982 – The Year Work Began". Land Transport Authority. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
- "In Memoriam — Ong Teng Cheong: A Profile". Lee Siew Hoon, Chandra Mohan (23 February 2002, Channel NewsAsia). Retrieved 26 November 2007.
- "Annual report 1984". Singapore: Mass Rapid Transit Corporation. Page 5.
- Mass Rapid Transit Corporation, Singapore 1988, page 10.
- Sharp 2005, p. 109.
Corporate and governmental sources
- Sharp, Ilsa (2005). The Journey — Singapore's Land Transport Story. SNP:Editions. ISBN 981-248-101-X.
- Mass Rapid Transit Corporation, Singapore (1988). The MRT Story. ISBN 981-00-0251-3.
|Railway Lines in Singapore||[ V • T • ]|
|Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)||North South Line • East West Line • North East Line • Circle Line • Downtown Line • Thomson–East Coast Line • Jurong Region Line • Cross Island Line|
|Light Rail Transit (LRT)||Bukit Panjang LRT • Sengkang LRT • Punggol LRT|
|Others||Changi Airport Skytrain • Sentosa Express|
|Defunct||Sentosa Monorail (SDC)|
|Mass Rapid Transit||[ V • T • ]|
|Overview||History • Stations • Fare and Ticketing • Facilities • Safety • Security|
|Lines||Current||North South Line • East West Line • North East Line • Circle Line • Downtown Line|
|Future||Thomson–East Coast Line • Jurong Region Line • Cross Island Line|
|Rolling Stocks||Current||Kawasaki Heavy Industries C151 • Kawasaki Heavy Industries & CSR Qingdao Sifang C151A • Kawasaki Heavy Industries & CSR Qingdao Sifang C151B • Kawasaki Heavy Industries & CRRC Qingdao Sifang C151C • Siemens C651 • Alstom Metropolis C751A • Kawasaki Heavy Industries & Nippon Sharyo C751B • Alstom Metropolis C751C • Alstom Metropolis C830 • Alstom Metropolis C830C • Bombardier MOVIA C951|
|Future||Alstom Metropolis C851E • CJ151 • Bombardier MOVIA CR151 • Kawasaki Heavy Industries & CRRC Qingdao Sifang CT251|
|Depots||Current||Bishan • Changi • Gali Batu • Kim Chuan • Sengkang • Ulu Pandan • Tuas|
|Future||Mandai • East Coast|