Mass Rapid Transit
|Mass Rapid Transit|
|Owner||Land Transport Authority|
|Number of lines||6|
|Number of stations||134|
|System length||224.5 km|
The Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system forming the major component of the railway system. The network has since grown rapidly in accordance with the aim of developing a comprehensive rail network as the backbone of the public transport system.
The network encompasses 224.5 km of active route with 134 stations in operation. The lines are built by the Land Transport Authority which allocates operating concessions to the profit-based corporations, SMRT Corporation and SBS Transit.
- Main article: History of the Mass Rapid Transit
The origins of the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) are derived from a forecast by city planners in 1967 which stated the need for a rail-based urban transport system by 1992. Following a debate on whether a bus-only system would be more cost-effective, then Minister for Communications Ong Teng Cheong, came to the conclusion that an all-bus system would be inadequate, as it would have to compete for road space in a land-scarce country.
The network was built in stages, with the North–South Line given priority because it passes through the Central Area that has a high demand for public transport. The Mass Rapid Transit Corporation (MRTC), later renamed as SMRT Corporation — was established on 14 October 1983; it took over the roles and responsibilities (which was the construction and operation the MRT system) of the former provisional Mass Rapid Transit Authority. The first section of the North–South Line started operations on 7 November 1987. The opening of Boon Lay on the East–West Line on 6 July 1990 marked the completion of the system two years ahead of schedule.
|Line||Commencement||Latest extension||Terminus||Stations||Length (km)||Rolling Stocks||Depot||Operator||Control Center|
|7 November 1987||2014||Jurong East
Marina South Pier
Ulu Pandan Depot
|Kim Chuan Depot|
|12 December 1987||2017||Pasir Ris
|20 June 2003||N/A||HarbourFront
|Sengkang Depot||Sengkang Depot|
|28 May 2009||2012||Dhoby Ghaut
|Kim Chuan Depot||Kim Chuan Depot|
|22 December 2013||2017||Bukit Panjang
|34||40.6||951||Kim Chuan Depot
Gali Batu Depot
|Gali Batu Depot|
|31 January 2020||2022||Woodlands North
Gardens by the Bay
|20||29.3||T251||Mandai Depot||Mandai Depot|
The following table lists Mass Rapid Transit lines that are currently under construction, or that are in the planning stages:
|Line||Commencement||Between stations||Stations||Length (km)||Depot||Operator|
(North East Line extension)
(Stage 3 extension & Hume station)
|2025||Expo||Sungei Bedok||2||2.2||East Coast Integrated Depot|
|2024 (Stage 4)
2025 (Stage 5)
2025 (Founders' Memorial station)
|Gardens by the Bay||Sungei Bedok||10||13.7||East Coast Integrated Depot|
|2027 (Stage 1)
2028 (Stage 2)
2029 (Stage 3)
|Choa Chu Kang
Peng Kang Hill
|2030 (Stage 1)||Aviation Park||Bright Hill||12||29||Changi East Depot|
|2032 (Stage 2)
2032 (Punggol extension)
|Bright Hill||Jurong Lake District||6||15||N/A||N/A|
- "Southeast Asian Affairs.", Page 293. Seah C. M. (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1981).
- Sharp 2005, page 66
- "Sustainable Urban Transportation Planning and Development — Issues and Challenges for Singapore". Fwa Tien Fang (Department of Civil Engineering, NUS, 4 September 2004)
- "1982 – The Year Work Began". Land Transport Authority. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
- "In Memoriam — Ong Teng Cheong: A Profile". Lee Siew Hoon, Chandra Mohan (23 February 2002, Channel NewsAsia). Retrieved 26 November 2007.
- "Annual report 1984". Singapore: Mass Rapid Transit Corporation. Page 5.
- Mass Rapid Transit Corporation, Singapore 1988, page 10.
- Sharp 2005, p. 109.
Corporate and governmental sources
- Sharp, Ilsa (2005). The Journey — Singapore's Land Transport Story. SNP:Editions. ISBN 981-248-101-X.
- Mass Rapid Transit Corporation, Singapore (1988). The MRT Story. ISBN 981-00-0251-3.
|Railway Lines in Singapore||[ V • T • ]|
|Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)||• • • • •|
|Light Rail Transit (LRT)||• •|
|Mass Rapid Transit||[ V • T • ]|
|Overview||History • Stations • Fare and Ticketing • Facilities • Safety • Security|
|Lines||• • • • •|
|Rolling Stocks||151 • 151A • 151B • 151C • R151 • T251 • 651 • 751A • 751B • 751C • 830 • 830C • 851E • 951|
|FutureJ151 • CR151|
|Depots||Bishan • Changi • Gali Batu • Kim Chuan • Mandai • Sengkang • Ulu Pandan • Tuas|
|FutureChangi East • East Coast • Tengah|